- Exhibition panel "Baptized and it doesn't help me" in the permanent exhibition
© Jewish Museum Berlin, photo: Volker Kreidler
Emancipation and Reform
German Jews in the Nineteenth Century
For German Jews, the formative developments of the nineteenth century included Jewish emancipation, the socialist movement, the idea of the nation, and political anti-Semitism.
Industrialization created new opportunities for social mobility, and a German-Jewish middle class emerged. But how could Jews integrate into German society and still remain Jewish?
This tour discusses different blueprints for German-Jewish identity: some Jews, like Heinrich Heine, succumbed to the pressure of their Christian environment and converted to Christianity. Others became champions of the political left—they included both Ferdinand Lassalle, who wanted to overcome discrimination with his vision of a more just society, and Karl Marx, who viewed religion as the "opium of the masses." Many, like Theodor Herzl, were drawn to the Zionist movement, and numerous patriotic Jews hoped to gain recognition by serving their German fatherland.
Jewish Museum Berlin
Grades 9 to 13
Number of participants
Max. of 15 participants
40 euros (including admission)
Once an appointment has been made, an interpreter of German Sign Language may be made available.
Tel.: +49 (0)30 259 93 305
Fax: +49 (0)30 259 93 412