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Flag with the Star of David

Photo: Flag with the Star of David

Flag with the Star of David
© Jewish Museum Berlin, photo: Jens Ziehe

The passing of the Nuremberg Laws on 15 September 1935 made Jews second class citizens. The hoisting of the Reich flag was also forbidden to Jews, whereas the "displaying of Jewish colors" was explicitly permitted. In protest to this, Martin Friedlaender, a 29-year-old textile wholesaler from Berlin, had a Star of David sewn on this blue and white flag. Blue and white were the traditional colors of Zionism, the Jewish national movement.

Friedlaender hung the flag out of the window of his apartment in Linienstrasse 196 on 1 October 1935, the Jewish New Year festival, thus taking a clear stand against the racist laws. A photographer from the Nazi hate sheet "Der Angriff" took a picture of the house. The accompanying article commented derisively:" On this day, a Jewish festival, the Jewish national flag was displayed for the first time at a house in northern Berlin. The colors are blue and white with the six-pointed star. This finally puts an end to the speculation on how the Jewish flag actually looks."

Martin Friedlaender managed to emigrate to Australia in June 1939. His flag was in his luggage. In his new home country, he changed his name to Fried-Lander. He married an Australian and ran an import business with her until 1966. In 1980, Martin Fried-Lander gave the flag to the Jewish department of the Berlin Museum, the predecessor of the Jewish Museum.

Object Details:
Flag with Star of David
Berlin 1935
115 x 90,5 cm

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